## Problem Solving

### Unit Focus: Place Value, Multiplication, and Division of Whole Numbers

This year in math we will have the chance to work with numbers and learn the language of math.  5th grade math is especially rewarding given how relevant the content is to our everyday lives!  Students will grapple with new problem solving strategies, tackle place value concepts, and compute using all four operations as they relate to decimals and fractions.

We will again be using the GoMath! series as the basis of our curriculum to prepare students to tackle increasingly difficult problems throughout the year.  Please be sure to encourage your student to practice their math facts, as fluency with “the basics” will be more important than ever as we start our study together!

## current focus skills

• Recognize the 10 to 1 Relationship Among Place Value Positions
• Use Basic Facts and Patterns to Multiply
• Multiply by 1- and 2-Digit Numbers
• Write Numerical Expressions
• Use the Order of Operations to Evaluate Numerical Expressions
• Use Properties of Operations, Write and Evaluate Exponents
• Estimate Quotients Using Compatible Numbers
• Divide by 1- and 2-Digit Divisors, Model Division Using Base Ten Blocks
• Use Partial Quotients to Divide by 2-Digit Divisors
• Adjust the Quotient after Estimating
• Solve Division Problems and Interpret the Remainder

## Unit Specific Review Resources

### Stuck solving a problem?  Try one of these tips & strategies!

1. Read the problem and make a mental movie.
Think about the story the problem is telling and create a picture of what is happening in your mind. What would you do in real life?

2. Find your units and list what you know.
Pull out the numbers in your problem and label them on the side of your paper WITH THEIR UNITS! Then, underline the question you are being asked. Think about what units your answer should be in.

3. Think about the problem as "part-part-whole."
After labeling your numbers, ask yourself a few questions: Do you know the total, or whole amount being talked about? Do you know both parts? Remember, if your total is missing, chances are you should ADD or MULTIPLY, and if you know your total chances are you should SUBTRACT or DIVIDE.

4. Use the 2-10 method.
Try replacing the bigger number in the problem with 10 and the smaller number with 2. Now, re-read your problem to see which operation you should use. Just don’t forget to go back and put the original numbers back in!

5. Look for multiple steps.
Don’t get fooled by questions that look like they only require one step! Check to see if more than one question was asked in a problem. Do you have all the information you need right from the start? Be sure there isn’t more than one step involved!